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Northbourne ce
Primary School

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At Northbourne CEP we use the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme to teach the systematic and synthetic phonics phases. Children are provided with daily discreet phonics sessions, which progress through the different phases of the Letters and Sounds programme to develop early reading and spelling skills, throughout EYFS and Key Stage 1.

Phase 1-

Children will explore rhyme and alliteration, playing lots of games, exploring sounds in the environment and listening to the initial sounds in words. Children will begin to develop their skills in blending and segmenting words orally, through ‘sound-talk’ activities.

Phase 2-

Children will learn the first sets of sounds (Phonemes). Children will develop their phonics skills by-

  • Looking at what the letter shape (Grapheme) looks like i.e s
  • What sound it makes- using the ‘pure’ sound
  • Knowing words that begin with that sound e.g. ‘t’ for tap, tin and turtle.
  • We also perform an action with the sound, using the actions and songs from ‘Jolly Phonics’

 Phase 2 phonemes/graphemes:

Set 1

Set 2

Set 3

Set 4

Set 5

s, a, t, p,

i, n, m, d

g, o, c, k

ck, e, u, r

h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

During Phase 2 children will begin to use these sounds in many ways to blend to read and segment to spell ‘cvc’ (consonant vowel consonant) words, such as ‘sat’ and ‘mat’. We decode and build these using flash cards, magnetic letters and play many games, such as ‘Buried Treasure’, to sort words which are real or fake.

 Children will begin to build words using magnetic letters and phoneme frames, using sound buttons to support with segmenting to spell words such as ‘pin’, breaking each word in to phonemes to spell. We then begin to form these sounds on sound buttons and on phoneme frames when children are ready, using precursive letter formation.