Geography is an integral part of the curriculum as it provokes and answers questions about the natural and human worlds. It develops knowledge of places and environments throughout the world, an understanding of maps, and a range of investigative and problem-solving skills both inside and outside the classroom. Geography is a focus within the curriculum for understanding and resolving issues about the environment and sustainable development. The aim of geography is to raise awareness of the world around us.
At Northbourne CEP School our curriculum inspires children to develop a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people. Geography is a valued part of the curriculum at Northbourne as it provides a means of exploring, appreciating, and understanding the world in which we live. The curriculum is divided into 4 main parts: locational knowledge, place knowledge, human and physical geography and geographical skills and fieldwork.
In the Early Years Foundation Stage, children will know about the similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. Children will talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments may vary from one another.
In KS1 children will develop their knowledge about the United Kingdom and their own locality. They’ll learn how to use maps, atlases and globes as well as learn simple compass directions. The children will also study seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and look at the hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the North and South Poles.
In Key Stage 2 the children will look to extend their knowledge to beyond their local area and will study Europe as well as North and South America. They will begin to look at similarities and differences of human geography such as types of settlement and land use. They will also study physical geography elements such as climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes. Children will continue to use maps, atlases and globes and will use the 8 points of the compass in their work. They will start to consider the use of four and six figure grid references and ordinance survey maps.
Across both key stages, children have a variety of opportunities to experience geography through engaging and practical tasks beyond the classroom. e.g. through our natural environment or via wider school visits.
We aim for our exciting curriculum to help children understand who they are and where they live. To help them learn about their community, the nation and the world in which they live. To deepen their cultural awareness and increase their understanding of history, time and place. To develop a respect for and an understanding of different cultures and beliefs. To learn about issues facing the world and the importance of caring for each other and their environment.